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How to Cite

If you utilized our services in conducting your research, please acknowledge us and our sponsors. This enables us to show the value and impact of our work so our sponsors can see the results of their support. Detailed guidelines for geodetic (GAGE) and seismological (SAGE) support are given below.

You may use our logo for attribution purposes—click the button to download files. Please use the color logo on white backgrounds only. For a color background, use the white logo, instead.

Unless otherwise stated, media on our website are licensed CC BY 4.0. Please credit EarthScope Consortium and the creator/photographer (where applicable).

Attribution for Data and Support

To acknowledge support:

This material is based on services provided by the GAGE Facility, operated by EarthScope Consortium, with support from the National Science Foundation, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the U.S. Geological Survey under NSF Cooperative Agreement EAR-1724794.

Data Citation Guidance

The EarthScope Consortium data policy governs data archiving, accessibility, and attribution. EarthScope’s policies and procedures are consistent with ethical considerations and best practices of data use as described by Pritchard et al. (2012) and will facilitate data citation as envisioned by the NSF Geoscience Directorate. We are committed to Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable (FAIR) data principles. EarthScope is also a certified ICSU World Data Systems (WDS) Regular Member.

The EarthScope GAGE Facility archives datasets and derived data products that have been collected by many community investigators funded by a variety of sources. The data user bears sole responsibility for recognizing the role of the data provider through co-authorship, citation, sponsor acknowledgment, and/or other attribution, as appropriate and consistent with professional standards and sponsor requirements.

To facilitate data citation, we provide Digital Object Identifier (DOI) assignments for all suitably-archived, publishable datasets (including GPS/GNSS, TLS, and SAR data and products). A citation using a dataset’s DOI in a publication’s reference list provides appropriate attribution. We believe that the ability to cite datasets using DOIs will encourage ethical use of free and open data. In addition to fostering data citation, DOIs are useful for accessing specific datasets or versions of datasets, and for tracking provenance. If you are using a particular dataset that does not yet have a DOI, please contact us to see if DOI minting can be expedited. If needed, multiple DOIs can be aggregated into a single (new) DOI for ease of citation when many datasets are being referenced—contact us to arrange aggregated DOIs.

Community contributors of GPS/GNSS datasets in the archive and others can view the DOI information for published datasets through our GPS/GNSS Dataset DOI Search.

Minimal Citation Format

A minimal citation for a dataset contains the following elements (all obtainable through our DOI search interface):

Author(s), Publication Year, Title, EarthScope Consortium, DOI.

Full Citation Format

The recommended full citation includes additional elements for the date you accessed the data and the date range of the subset of data you used, when applicable:

Author(s), Publication Year, Title, EarthScope Consortium, dataset type, DOI, date accessed, subset used.

To cite EarthScope data services:

The facilities of EarthScope Consortium were used for access to waveforms, related metadata, and/or derived products used in this study. These services are funded through the Seismological Facility for the Advancement of Geoscience (SAGE) Award of the National Science Foundation under Cooperative Support Agreement EAR-1851048.

To cite data obtained from EarthScope:

In 2014, the International Federation of Digital Seismic Networks (FDSN) recommended that all seismic networks with a FDSN network code have a DOI. To cite data from a network with a DOI, refer to the data as you would to a normal scientific manuscript in the main body of the manuscript, or in the Acknowledgements. Then include the reference in the standard list of references or, if the list is long, in a special section for data sources.

A tool for discovering the FDSN network references is provided here.

Example citation in an Acknowledgement:

All seismic data were downloaded through the EarthScope Consortium Wilber 3 system (https://ds.iris.edu/wilber3/) or EarthScope Consortium Web Services (https://service.iris.edu/), including the following seismic networks: (1) the AZ (ANZA; UC San Diego, 1982); (2) the TA (Transportable Array; IRIS, 2003); (3) the US (USNSN, Albuquerque, 1990); (4) the IU (GSN; Albuquerque, 1988).

Associated reference list:

  • Frank Vernon, U. C. S. D. (1982). ANZA Regional Network. International Federation of Digital Seismograph Networks. https://doi.org/10.7914/SN/AZ
  • IRIS Transportable Array. (2003). USArray Transportable Array. International Federation of Digital Seismograph Networks. https://doi.org/10.7914/SN/TA
  • Albuquerque Seismological Laboratory (ASL)/USGS. (1990). United States National Seismic Network. International Federation of Digital Seismograph Networks. https://doi.org/10.7914/SN/US
  • Albuquerque Seismological Laboratory (ASL)/USGS. (1988). Global Seismograph Network (GSN – IRIS/USGS). International Federation of Digital Seismograph Networks. https://doi.org/10.7914/SN/IU

To cite GSN (example):

Global Seismographic Network (GSN) is a cooperative scientific facility operated jointly by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the United States Geological Survey (USGS). The NSF component is part of NSF’s SAGE Facility, operated by EarthScope Consortium under Cooperative Support Agreement EAR-1851048.

Additionally, please include the references for all networks where data were used as outlined above in the IRIS Data Services section. These include IU, II, IC, CU and the most up-to-date citation and DOIs for networks can be queried using the FDSN network reference tool.

To cite PASSCAL:

Acknowledgment – In any publications or reports resulting from the use of the PASSCAL instruments, please include the following statement in the acknowledgment section. You are also encouraged to acknowledge NSF and EarthScope in any contacts with the news media or in general articles.

The seismic instruments were provided by EarthScope Consortium through the PASSCAL Instrument Center at New Mexico Tech. Data collected will be available through EarthScope. The facilities of EarthScope Consortium are supported by the National Science Foundation’s Seismological Facility for the Advancement of Geoscience (SAGE) Award under Cooperative Support Agreement EAR-1851048.

To cite the PASSCAL Polar Support Services:

Acknowledgment – In any publications or reports resulting from the using EarthScope’s Polar-specific seismic instruments or support, please include the following statement in the acknowledgment section. You are also encouraged to acknowledge NSF and EarthScope in any contacts with the news media or in general articles.

The seismic instruments were provided by EarthScope Consortium through the PASSCAL Polar Support Services. Data collected will be available through EarthScope. The facilities of EarthScope Consortium are supported by the National Science Foundation’s Seismological Facility for the Advancement of Geoscience (SAGE) Award under Cooperative Support Agreement OPP-1851037.

To cite Transportable Array:

Data from the TA network were made freely available as part of the EarthScope USArray facility, operated by IRIS (now EarthScope Consortium) and supported by the National Science Foundation under Cooperative Agreements EAR-1261681.

To cite the PASSCAL Magnetotellurics Program:

The magnetotelluric instruments were provided by EarthScope Consortium through the PASSCAL Instrument Center at New Mexico Tech. Data collected will be available through EarthScope. The facilities of EarthScope Consortium are supported by the National Science Foundation’s Seismological Facility for the Advancement of Geoscience (SAGE) Award under Cooperative Support Agreement EAR-1851048.

To cite EarthScope Engagement:

Materials provided by EarthScope Consortium have been used in this study. The facilities of EarthScope Consortium are supported by the National Science Foundation’s Seismological Facility for the Advancement of Geoscience (SAGE) Award under Cooperative Support Agreement EAR-1851048 and Geodetic Facility for the Advancement of Geoscience (GAGE) Award under NSF Cooperative Agreement EAR-1724794.

To cite OBSIC (Ocean Bottom Seismic Instrumentation Center):

Data used in this research were provided by instruments from the Ocean Bottom Seismograph Instrument Center (obsic.who.edu) which is funded by the National Science Foundation. OBSIC data are archived by EarthScope Consortium, which is funded by the National Science Foundation’s Seismological Facility for the Advancement of Geoscience (SAGE) Award under Cooperative Support Agreement EAR-1851048.

Submit a Citation

If you would like us to acknowledge a publication in which EarthScope Consortium is cited, you can do so using this form.